An outline of the history of social stratification and social system change

Lynchings were common for many decades, and the Southern police system bolstered white rule in the South just as the South African police system bolstered white rule in that country Litwack, Movement from one status to another has no barrier. So we find different type of stratification.

People with different doses of these inherent qualities adopted different types of occupation. Feminist consider gender as the socio-cultural manifestation of being a man or a woman. In this system of stratification, a person is born into a social ranking but can move up or down from it much more easily than in caste systems or slave societies.

It is based on birth, it is purely an ascribed status. The Aryans disregarded the local cultures. Classless Societies Although, as noted earlier, all societies except perhaps for the simplest ones are stratified, some large nations have done their best to eliminate stratification by developing classless societies.

However, the variables posited to affect social stratification can be loosely divided into economic and other social factors.

Social stratification

Why do you think some class societies have more vertical social mobility than other class societies? The system originated with the Hindu religion, which subscribes to the concept of reincarnation, the belief that while the physical body dies, the soul of a person is immortal and goes on to be reborn into another body.

It means that the ranks of these two groups are not different. First, it had a fairly equal male-to-female ratio. People who are good in their current life will come back to improved circumstances in the next life, but if they are evil, they will be punished in the next one. They took mainly the form of the displacement of classes.

In the United States, slaves were rarely freed before the Civil War. People began to value certain jobs more highly than others.

Furthermore, with a large and globalized economy, Canada scores highly on many globalized indexes, and would score higher if those indexes took into account having immigrants from all over the world. The Estate System An ancient stratification system that no longer exists today was the estate system, a three- tiered system composed of the nobility, the clergy, and the commoners.

Sex refers to male and female where as gender refers to masculinity and feminity. People often try to compensate for ascribed statuses by changing their nationality, lying about their age, or undergoing plastic surgery to alter their body type.

Stratification is a process of interaction or differentiation whereby some people come to rank higher than others. In fact, only recently have scholars begun to differentiate race and ethnicity; historically, the two were considered to be identical or closely related.

Perhaps by expanding the definition from strict geographic borders to incorporate all Canadians, living anywhere in the world. Other religious theory claims that the Varnas were created from the body organs of Brahma, who is the creator of the world. Smelser The three major races in the world are Negretoid, Mangloid and Caucasian.

Some accumulated more than others and gained prestige in society as a result. The Indian Caste system provides an example of stratification system. Three important social variables include genderraceand ethnicitywhich, at the least, have an intervening effect on social status and stratification in most places throughout the world.

The relations between the classes are antagonistic because they are in conflict over the appropriation of what is produced, and in certain periods, when the mode of production itself is changing as a result of developments in technology and in the utilization of labour, such conflicts become extreme and a new class challenges the dominance of the existing rulers of society.

The Austroloids have features similar the aboriginals of Australia. Weber proposed limiting the concept of class to impersonal income distinctions between groups, thereby distinguishing class from social statuscollectivities, or political hierarchies.

Societies grew larger, and not all members needed to be involved in the production of food. Library of Congress — public domain. Life-chances refer to such things as infant mortality, longevity, physical and mental illness, childlessness, marital conflict, separation and divorce.

Globalization, culture and marketing strategy: The ancient Aryan society into four varnas.Social Stratification and Social Mobility: It means a change in social status. All societies provide some opportunity for social mobility. Like caste and class gender is another kind of social stratification system.

Gender, perhaps is the oldest and permanent source of social differentiation.

Social class

But within the broad hierarchy of caste and. Social stratification has taken many forms throughout history, including slavery, the estate system, indentured servitude, the caste system, and the class system.

Slavery Slavery is a system of stratification in which one person owns another, as he or she would own property, and exploits the slave‘s labor for economic gain.

In early societies, people shared a common social standing. As societies evolved and became more complex, they began to elevate some members. Today, stratification, a system by which society ranks its members in a hierarchy, is the norm throughout the world.

All societies stratify their members. A. Social conflict theorists disagree that social stratification is functional for a society.

Instead, they argue that social stratification benefits some at the expense of others. Instead, they argue that social stratification benefits some at the expense of others. Social class, also called class, a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status.

Besides being important in social theory, the concept of class as a collection of individuals sharing similar economic circumstances has been widely used in censuses and in studies of social.

Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).

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An outline of the history of social stratification and social system change
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