A history of the expansion of spain and portugal to the americas

Moreover, infant and child mortality rates were high, and most children died before reaching their tenth birthday. Thus, the rise of Protestantism and the Counter-Reformation, along with the Renaissance, helped foster individualism and create a climate favorable to exploration.

Despite their apparent mutual self-interest, there was very little co-operation between Spain and Portugal when it came to defending their empires. After ten weeks he sighted an island in the Bahamas, which he named San Salvador.

Baetica is one of the most Romanized provinces of the empire, and has contributed many leading senatorial families, including those of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian.

Exploration of North America

The convention superseded an original agreement on the Douro, signed inthat was expanded in and to include tributaries.

Spain penalized heresy heavily and largely suppressed the religious conflicts that were raging throughout the rest of Europe. Lawrence River as far as present-day Montreal. By March, General Francisco Franco, the leader of the right wing Fascists, had won, and has since been dictator of the country.

Eliot first preached to the Nipmuc Indians in at the site of modern Newton, Massachusetts. The latter conflict was a desperate attempt by native peoples to preserve their society and culture in the face of aggressive English occupation and creation of new communities that forced natives off of their lands.

This and subsequent expeditions led to an influx of wealth into Spain, supplementing income from within Castile for the state that would prove to be a dominant power of Europe for the next two centuries. Despite the decline in Muslim-controlled kingdoms, they had lasting effects in culture and society on the peninsula.

Gilbert headed two trips to the New World. William Penn —whose father had been an admiral and had connections at court, established Pennsylvania in for members of the Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, a radical Protestant sect founded by George Fox — These developments included the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Renaissance, the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power, the emergence of new technology in navigation and shipbuilding, and the establishment of overland trade with the East and the accompanying transformation of the medieval economy.

Expansion by the Ottoman Turks brought the conflict to Central Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The Spanish conquistadores and colonial empire

In the rest of the peninsula, Celtic culture predominated, based on numerous tribes and including the standard hill-top forts of these warlike societies.

The crown stipulated the reading of the Requerimiento Requirement to native peoples before initiating war. The Taifa kingdoms lost ground to the Christian realms in the north.

They are laying the foundations to the great age of European exploration, which will eventually transform the entire world. Many close ties bind the elites of Spain to Italy, and leading members of the Spanish elite have become the first colonials to enter the Roman senate.

Portugal–Spain relations

Over 8, English sailors died from diseases such as dysentery and typhus while the Spanish Armada was at sea. This was gradually alleviated as Spain and other Christian powers began to check Ottoman naval dominance in the Mediterranean after the victory at Lepantobut it would be a scourge that continued to afflict the country even in the next century.

In due course the Suevi and Visigoths consolidated their power there, and by now the Visigoths control most of the peninsula. The financial burden within the peninsula was on the backs of the peasant class while the nobility enjoyed an increasingly lavish lifestyle.

Well known examples include the Jesuit missions of Paraguay and the Franciscan missions of California. They cooperate in the fight against drug trafficking and forest fires common in the Iberian Peninsula in summersfor example. Portuguese sailors successfully navigated an eastward route to West Africa, where they established a trading foothold.

Since the wars, the country has experienced instability and civil war, not helped by the absence of the king and royal family in Brazil. This article was adapted from " Portuguese Exploration and Spanish Conquest.

The Orient became a magnet to traders, and exotic products and wealth flowed into Europe. The country has enjoyed stable, if autocratic, government and increasing prosperity, boosted by rising wealth from Brazil.On June 7,the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was dfaduke.com Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.

HISTORY OF THE SPANISH EMPIRE 15th - 18th This situation changes abruptly in the 16th century, when Spain and Portugal become the pioneers in a new era of colonization. Thereafter the speed of Spanish expansion and consolidation over a vast region is astonishing. Aug 21,  · Watch video · While Spain was building its New World empire, France was also exploring the Americas.

InGiovanni da Verrazano was commissioned to locate a northwest passage around North America to India. Describe Portuguese exploration of the Atlantic and Spanish exploration of the Americas, and the importance of these voyages to the developing Atlantic World Explain the importance of Spanish exploration of the Americas in the expansion of Spain’s empire and the development of Spanish Renaissance culture.

History. What are some ways Spanish and Portuguese strategies of colonial expansion in South America differed?

The Spanish and Portuguese empires

Update Cancel. These two diverging drivers for expansion were reflected in the different Grand Strategy for world domination of Portugal and Spain. At the time the Americas were discovered, Portuguese and Spanish have wisely.

Spain was to have the lands to the west and Portugal those to the east (accounting for the use of the Portuguese language in Brazil today). The most profitable Spanish activities in the New World occurred in the southern portions, while less rewarding ventures took place in northern areas.

A history of the expansion of spain and portugal to the americas
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